Some parents find it difficult to know what they should expect from their child and may worry that their child is not talking yet or is difficult to understand.
At Edinburgh Speech Therapy we have years of experience working with children with speech problems (difficulties saying specific sounds or sounds getting mixed up), and language problems (understanding and using words). There is some conflicting advice out there for parents so what is normal? What should we expect? Although all children are different
General guidelines are provided;
Can recognise and point to objects such as toys & people.
Babbling changes and they will now use more consonant sounds and first words will start to appear.
Can point to pictures in books when you name them, point to simple body parts on themselves and understand some doing words (go, jump, sit etc.) as well as follow simple requests (e.g., ‘Give me your cup’’) or commands (e.g., “No hitting!”) and understand little questions (e.g., ‘Where are your hands?’)
Starts using simple two word sentences e.g. ‘what’s that?’ or ‘more biscuits?’
Is able to follow two-part instructions (‘Get your shoes and put them on the stairs’)
Should be putting two or three words together in short simple sentences ‘daddy home’, ‘give me teddy’, ‘mum push me’ to talk about their environment and ask for things. Vocabulary is exploding at this age.
Understand ‘what?, ‘where?’ and ‘who?’ questions.
Can use longer sentences of up to four words and talk about things they do outside the home.
Is able to understand almost everything that is said in familiar places.
Can use long sentences describing what they have done and describing imaginative sequences.
Understands almost everything that is said.
Communicates effectively with adults and children they know.